Well, the answer at the time seemed to be called “chaebol.” In Korean, “chae” means wealth, and “bol” is a clan, and that’s all you need to know about how companies like Samsung, LG, Hyundai and others are often run – as loosely knit family business conglomerates. The family owns stakes in each of the tens of holding companies, which in turn have ownership in the other firms in the network. This prevents outside investors breaking up the conglomerate, but also enshrines performance opacity, as well as rigid “no questions asked” top-down management policy.
Lee the founder branched out into many areas such as insurance, construction, shipbuilding and yes, electronics, whereas Lee the son, who was pinpointed as the business heir in 1987, built on the founder’s success by nurturing and encouraging innovation and independent thinking. He was mentoring his kids to take over before he was hospitalized in 2014, leaving the company adrift, as nobody from the family could have taken the initiative until he was recovering. Again, family things.
The share transfers could have weakened the chaebol system, or the network of connected holdings that Lee Kun-hee used to maintain outsized control of Samsung Electronics and about 60 other companies in the group, even though he owns only a small amount in each of the various companies in the conglomerate. The court sided with Lee Kun-hee.
In the early 90s, the current Chairman Lee Kun-hee realized that the company, as huge as it was, risked becoming a low-cost volume peddler, and said the famous quote: “Change everything but your wife and kids!” The slideshow below that has a timeline of Samsung’s milestones, illustrates well the culture of innovation that was happening even before that battle cry. Here are a few other quotes to remember Lee Kun-hee by and cheer the culture he may have instilled in his heirs:
In a nutshell, the Chairman’s strategy seemed to be don’t chase quarterly profits, but rather build the right culture to secure strategic advantages for Samsung going forward.
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